SECRET DIPLOMACY AND INTERESTED SPHERES: THE CASE OF BALKAN PENINSULA

Autori članka: 
Dragan Kolev
Godina izdavanja članka: 
2016
Broj u godini: 
2
Apstrak članka: 
 
SECRET DIPLOMACY AND INTERESTED SPHERES: THE CASE OF BALKAN PENINSULA
Abstract: The phenomena of secret diplomacy and spheres of influence are closely related. History of international relations testify that the most common areas of interest are established through secret diplomacy. Nothing in this sense isn’t changed even in the modern world. When you establish a balance of power between the great powers, then you must agree about access on the division of influence spheres. These arrangements are kept at a diplomatic level with the absence of the public. This agreements are secretly signed and its waiting for decades and centuries, and with many of that public will never be aware of. Spheres of influence (zone of interest) are usually created by a secret agreement between two or more major powers through secret diplomacy, and always at the expense of third countries (nation). It can be said that the struggle for spheres of influence was basically the cause of many, including world wars and after World War II continued the USA and the SSSR. History of the Balkan region and relations among people who inhabit it, clearly shows that he was for centuries the scene of clashes geopolitical interests of global power centers. At the present moment Balkan geopolitical scene is area for dominance of the great powers. At some point it will become the space establishment of interested spheres. That will happen through secret diplomacy.
Keywords: Secret diplomacy, spheres of influence, super-powers, the Balkan Peninsula
 
TAJNA DIPLOMATIJA I INTERESNE SFERE: PRIMER BALKANSKOG POLUOSTRVA
Apstrakt: Fenomeni tajna diplomatija i interesne sfere su tesno povezane. Istorija međunarodnih odnosa svedoči da su sfere interesa najčešće uspostavljale putem tajne diplomatije. Ništa se u tom smislu nije promenilo ni u savremenom svetu. Kada se uspostavi ravnoteže moći između velikih sila, pristupa se dogovoru o podeli sfera uticaja. Ti dogovori se vode na diplomatskom nivou sa odsustvom javnosti. Dogovori se tajno potpisuju i na njihovo obelodanjivanje se čeka decenijama i vekovima, a sa mnogima javnost nikada neće biti upoznata. Interesne sfere (zone interesa) se najčešće stvaraju sporazumima između dve ili više velikih sila putem tajne diplomatije i uvek na račun trećih država (naroda). Može se slobodno reći da je borba za interesne sfere bila u osnovi uzroka mnogih, pa i svetskih ratova, a nakon Drugog svetskog rata nastavile su je SAD i SSSR. Istorija balkanskog prostora i odnosi naroda koji ga naseljavaju jasno pokazuju da je on vekovima bio poprište sukobljavanja geopolitičkih interesa globalnih centara moći. U sadašnjem geopolitičkom trenutku Balkan je poprište borbe za dominaciju velikih sila. U određenom momentu će postati prostor uspostavljanje interesnih sfera. Do toga će doći posredstvom tajne diplomatije.
Ključne reči: tajna diplomatija, interesne sfere, super-sile, Balkansko poluostrvo